Cryptocurrency Terms Beginners Should Know

Most likely, you are familiar with Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies if you follow the news. But what are they, exactly? And should you invest in them?

In this beginner’s guide to cryptocurrency, we’ll answer all your questions and give you tips on how to get started. So whether you’re just curious about digital currencies or you’re ready to take the plunge.

Table Of Contents:


A certain coin that is not Bitcoin is referred to as an altcoin. Ethereum, the second most popular coin, is an example of an altcoin. There are thousands of other currencies with very minimal market value. Experts say you should stick to the more significant, more mainstream cryptocurrencies as an investment.


Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that was created on January 3, 2009. It is the first and most valuable cryptocurrency. Its value has climbed steadily since then, but it has seen wild fluctuations in price in the past few months. The cost of Bitcoin has gone from a record high of $60,000 to below $30,000.

Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin Cash is a type of electronic cash that was created when Bitcoin was forked. Bitcoin is too volatile to be used as currency, but Bitcoin Cash is designed to be better for transactions.


Blocks are a group of data on a blockchain. Transaction records are used to build blocks as people buy and sell coins. Every block can only store a certain amount of data. When the chain reaches a certain limit, a new block is added to continue the chain.


A blockchain is a digital form of record keeping used to track cryptocurrency transactions. A blockchain is created when a group of sequential blocks is linked together. This creates a permanent and unchangeable ledger of data.


A digital value that lives on a blockchain or cryptocurrency network is called a coin. Some blockchains, such as Bitcoin, have the same name for both the network and the coin. Others, such as the Stellar blockchain, which has a native coin called Lumen, can have different names for each.


Coinbase is a popular cryptocurrency exchange.Coinbase previously became the first cryptocurrency exchange to list on the Nasdaq.

Cold Wallet/Cold Storage

Cold Wallet is a way to store your cryptocurrency offline. This means that it is not connected to the internet, making it more difficult for someone to steal your cryptocurrency. You can use a cold wallet (also called a hardware wallet), or you can store your crypto on a physical device that looks like a USB drive.


Cryptocurrency is a type of digital currency that is decentralized. This means that it is not controlled by any one person or organization. Cryptocurrency can buy and sell things or as a long-term investment.


Decentralization is when you give power to different people instead of one person. Blockchains are usually decentralized to make changes or to operate, and most people have to agree instead of just one person.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

DeFi is when people do financial activities without the involvement of a bank, government, or other financial institution.

Decentralized Applications (DApps)

DApps are applications that developers design and deploy on a blockchain. These apps can be used to carry out actions without any intermediaries. Many financial activities that take place in a decentralized manner use DApps. Ethereum is the leading network that supports these activities.

Digital Gold

Cryptocurrencies can be compared to real gold because they can store and increase value. Bitcoin is often called digital gold.


Regarding total trade, Ethereum is the second-largest cryptocurrency. It is a crypto network and software platform that developers can use to create new applications. Ethereum also has an associated currency called ether.


An exchange for cryptocurrencies is a marketplace where you may buy and sell various kinds of virtual money.


When people change the rules of a blockchain, it can result in two new paths. One path follows the old rules, while the other is a new blockchain that splits off from the old one.


Developers pay a charge to the Ethereum platform to use the system. Gas is paid in ether, Ethereum’s native cryptocurrency.

Genesis Block

The first cryptocurrency block to be mined.


HODL means “Hold On for Dear Life,” which describes a passive investment strategy in which people buy and hold onto cryptocurrency, hoping its value will increase.


Bitcoin has a code that cuts the number of new Bitcoins entering circulation every four years. The halving may have an impact on the price of bitcoin.


A one-of-a-kind code used by cryptocurrency buyers and sellers to identify blocks.

Hot Wallet

Internet-connected cryptocurrency wallets are more convenient for quickly accessing your crypto. These wallets, however, are more vulnerable to hacking and cybersecurity attacks than offline wallets. Online cryptocurrency wallets are vulnerable to hackers in the same way that files stored in the cloud are more easily hacked than those kept in a safe at home.

Initial Coin Offering (ICO)

People use Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) to raise money for new cryptocurrency projects. This is similar to how companies raise money by selling stocks to the public in an Initial Public Offering (IPO).

Market Capitalization

A cryptocurrency’s market capitalization represents its overall value. The price of the cryptocurrency is multiplied by the number of coins currently in circulation, as a contrast to the stock market, which determines market capitalization by dividing share price by the total number of outstanding shares.


Cryptocurrency coins are created and traded between users. This process is tracked and recorded.


An electronic device linked to the blockchain network.

Non-fungible Tokens (NFTs)

NFT stands for non-fungible tokens, which are typically made using the same kind of coding as cryptocurrencies. These cryptographic assets are, to put it simply, based on blockchain technology. Unlike other digital assets, they cannot be traded or exchanged equally. the same as Bitcoin or Ethereum.


A technique to exchange cryptocurrencies without a middleman is peer-to-peer (P2P) trading. This means that users can trade directly, making the process faster and more efficient.

Private Key

A private key is a code that helps someone make cryptocurrency transactions. They can also use it to show they own specific cryptocurrency holdings.

Satoshi Nakomoto

Satoshi Nakamoto is the alias under which the anonymous creator(s) of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. Although the name Satoshi Nakamoto is frequently associated with Bitcoin, the actual person who bears the name has never been verified.

Smart Contract

In a smart contract, the conditions of the agreement between the buyer and seller are directly encoded into lines of code, making it a self-executing contract.

Stablecoin or Digital Fiat

A stablecoin is a type of cryptocurrency that aims to maintain its value over time. A stablecoin’s value is frequently correlated with the US dollar, a specific real currency.


A cryptocurrency token is a name for a unit of a particular cryptocurrency. It stands for a utility or tradeable asset that has its own blockchain and may be used by the holder for financial or commercial transactions.

Vitalik Buterin

He is a programmer who co-created Ethereum.


A hardware or software device known as a bitcoin wallet keeps your private keys and gives you access to your currencies.

By Ananda

Ananda offers a simple and easy way for you to buy Bitcoin and over 65 other cryptocurrencies. You can get started with as little as $10, and our process is simple and straightforward.

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